- LAST REVIEWED: 27 September 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 15 December 2011
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756810-0008
- LAST REVIEWED: 27 September 2017
- LAST MODIFIED: 15 December 2011
- DOI: 10.1093/obo/9780199756810-0008
Although creativity has been debated and discussed by all types of scholars throughout history, it has only been since the 1950s that the topic has emerged as a genuine field of study. Most work on creativity typically revolves around one of the four Ps: process, person, product, or press (environment). In addition, there is typically a distinction made between Big-C (genius level) and little-c (everyday level). The emphasis on how creativity is approached often depends on the domain; most research on creativity in education focuses on little-c. “Hot” topics within the field include best practices for measurement; the question of domain specificity or domain generality (Is creativity one thing or many things?); and the relationship of creativity with other constructs, such as personality, motivation, and intelligence.
Some books take a broad approach to creativity, either reviewing the field or offering a different perspective. Runco 2007 focuses on the history of creativity research, whereas Sawyer 2006 emphasizes group creativity and the sociocultural mechanisms that can aid creativity. Kaufman 2009 takes an individual differences approach, discussing how creative people are alike or different. Weisberg 2006 and Finke, et al. 1992 take cognitive perspectives: Weisberg 2006 emphasizes problem solving and its underlying processes; Finke, et al. 1992 uses cognitive science to study how the mind creates. More all-encompassing reference works include the handbooks Sternberg 1999 and Kaufman and Sternberg 2010, as well as the encyclopedia Runco and Pritzker 1999. These three books have chapters or entries on nearly everything discussed in this bibliography.
Finke, Ronald A., Thomas B. Ward, and Steven M. Smith. 1992. Creative cognition: Theory research and applications. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Finke, Ward, and Smith’s Geneplore model is presented here. Generation, the “novel” part, is generating many different ideas. Exploration refers to evaluating these possible options and choosing the best one (or ones).
Kaufman, James C. 2009. Creativity 101. New York: Springer.
Kaufman offers a primer on recent research in creativity, with an emphasis on individual differences (mental illness, gender and ethnicity, personality, motivation, and intelligence).
Kaufman, James C., and Robert J. Sternberg, eds. 2010. The Cambridge handbook of creativity. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.
This handbook is focused both on how creativity has been perceived over time by different areas of study (including recent perspectives such as evolutionary psychology and neuroscience) and on hot topics (such as creativity and mental illness) that are still being debated.
Runco, Mark A. 2007. Creativity: Theories and themes; Research, development, and practice. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic.
This book is designed to be a textbook of the field, with an emphasis on creativity’s rich history.
Runco, Mark A., and Steven R. Pritzker, eds. 1999. Encyclopedia of creativity. 2 vols. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
This two-volume encyclopedia covers a wide array of topics, from specific theories to empirical phenomena to individual creators.
Sawyer, R. Keith. 2006. Explaining creativity: The science of human innovation. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.
Sawyer takes a sociocultural focus, arguing that creativity can be understood only in the social and cultural contexts in which it occurs. According to Sawyer, an idea that is creative in one sociocultural milieu might not be in another.
Sternberg, Robert J., ed. 1999. Handbook of creativity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press.
This handbook presents many key theories and reviews in the field, including key work by Csikszentmihalyi, Gruber, and Martindale. Even after more than a decade, it is still an outstanding reference.
Weisberg, R. W. 2006. Creativity: Understanding innovation in problem solving, science, invention, and the arts. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Weisberg argues that the thinking processes used by the average person when being creative are the same as those used by geniuses. Even if the final product may not be remembered for generations, we are all capable of productive and creative thought.
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- Academic Achievement
- Academic Audit for Universities
- Academic Freedom and Tenure in the United States
- Action Research in Education
- Adjuncts in Higher Education in the United States
- Administrator Preparation
- Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Courses
- African American Racial Identity and Learning
- Alternative Schools
- American Indian Education
- Art Education
- Assessing School Leader Effectiveness
- Assessment, Behavioral
- Assessment, Educational
- Assessment in Early Childhood Education
- Athletics, College
- Beginning-Teacher Induction
- Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
- Blended Learning
- Changing Professional and Academic Identities
- Character Education
- Children’s and Young Adult Literature
- Children's Beliefs about Intelligence
- Children's Rights in Early Childhood Education
- Classroom Management
- College Admissions in the United States
- Community Relations
- Comparative Education
- Computer-Based Testing
- Counseling in Schools
- Critical Race Theory
- Crossborder and Transnational Higher Education
- Culturally Responsive Leadership
- Culturally Responsive Pedagogies
- Culturally Responsive Teacher Education in the United Stat...
- Curriculum Design
- Data Collection in Educational Research
- Data-driven Decision Making in the United States
- Deaf Education
- Desegregation and Integration
- Development, Moral
- Digital Age Teacher, The
- Distance Learning
- Distributed Leadership
- Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) in Denmark
- Early Childhood Education and Development in Mexico
- Early Childhood Education in Australia
- Early Childhood Education in China
- Early Childhood Education in Europe
- Early Childhood Education in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Early Childhood Education in Sweden
- Early Childhood Education Pedagogy
- Early Childhood Education Policy
- Early Childhood Education, The Arts in
- Early Childhood Mathematics
- Early Childhood Teacher Education
- Early Childhood Teachers in Aotearoa New Zealand
- Early Years Professionalism and Professionalization Polici...
- Economics of Education
- Education For Children with Autism
- Education Leadership, Empirical Perspectives in
- Education Reform and School Change
- Educational Statistics for Longitudinal Research
- Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
- Epistemic Beliefs
- Ethics and Education
- Ethics of Teaching
- Ethnic Studies
- Family and Community Partnerships in Education
- Family Day Care
- Federal Government Programs and Issues
- Finance, Education
- Financial Aid
- Formative Assessment
- Gender and Achievement
- Gifted Education
- Global Mindedness and Global Citizenship Education
- Global University Rankings
- Governance, Education
- Grounded Theory
- Higher Education and Globalization
- Higher Education and the Developing World
- Higher Education in China
- Higher Education in the United States, Historical Evolutio...
- Higher Education, International Issues in
- Higher Education Policy
- Higher Education Research
- Higher Education Student Assessment
- High-stakes Testing
- History of Education in the United States
- Inclusive Education
- Indigenous Education in a Global Context
- Inservice Teacher Education
- Integrating Art across the Curriculum
- Intensive Interventions for Children and Adolescents with ...
- Intersectionality and Education
- Knowledge Development in Early Childhood
- Leadership Development, Coaching and Feedback for
- Leadership Training
- Learning Difficulties
- Learning, Lifelong
- Learning, Multimedia
- Legal Matters and Education Law
- LGBT Youth in Schools
- Linguistic Diversity
- Linguistically Inclusive Pedagogy
- Literacy Development and Language Acquisition
- Literacy, Multiple Documents
- Literature Reviews
- Mathematics Instruction and Interventions for Students wit...
- Mathematics Teacher Education
- Measurement in Education in the United States
- Meta-Analysis and Research Synthesis in Education
- Methodologies for Conducting Education Research
- Mindfulness, Learning, and Education
- Mixed Methods Research
- Multivariate Research Methodology
- Music Education
- Narrative Research in Education
- Numeracy Education
- Online Education
- Pedagogy of Teacher Education, A
- Performance Objectives and Measurement
- Performance-based Research Assessment in Higher Education
- Performance-based Research Funding
- Phenomenology in Educational Research
- Philosophy of Education
- Physical Education
- Politics of Education
- Portable Technology for Special Education
- Pre-Service Teacher Education
- Problem Solving
- Professional Development
- Professional Learning Communities
- Program Evaluation
- Programs and Services for Students with Emotional or Behav...
- Psychology Learning and Teaching
- Psychometric Issues in the Assessment of English Language ...
- Qualitative Data Analysis Techniques
- Qualitative Research Design
- Quantitative Research Designs in Educational Research
- Race and Affirmative Action in Higher Education
- Reading Education
- Refugee and New Immigrant Learners
- Religion in Elementary and Secondary Education in the Unit...
- Researcher Development and Skills Training within the Cont...
- Response to Intervention
- Restorative Practices
- School Accreditation
- School Choice
- School Culture
- School Improvement through Inclusive Education
- School Reform
- Schools, Private and Independent
- School-Wide Positive Behavior Support
- Science Education
- Secondary to Postsecondary Transition Issues
- Self-Regulated Learning
- Self-Study of Teacher Education Practices
- Severe Disabilities
- Single Salary Schedule
- Single-sex Education
- Single-Subject Research Design
- Social Context of Education
- Social Justice
- Social Network Analysis
- Social Pedagogy
- Social Science and Education Research
- Social Studies Education
- Sociology of Education
- Statistical Assumptions
- Student Assignment Policy
- Student Engagement in Tertiary Education
- Student Participation
- Student Voice in Teacher Development
- Teacher Evaluation and Teacher Effectiveness
- Teacher Preparation
- Teacher Training and Development
- Teacher Unions and Associations
- Teaching Critical Thinking
- Technology Education in Early Childhood
- Technology, Educational
- The Regulation of Standards in Higher Education
- Theories of Educational Leadership
- Tracking and Detracking
- University Faculty Roles and Responsibilities in the Unite...
- Vocational and Technical Education
- Women's and Gender Studies